Cloning Page




Embryo Cloning
Embryo cloning produces what we commonly call twins or triplets. To do what happens in nature, scientists remove one or more cells from a fertilized embryo and use chemicals to coax it to split into multiple embryos. This technique has been done for years with agriculturally important species of animals.

Therapeutic Cloning
Therapeutic cloning starts off the same way as adult DNA cloning. However, the process is stopped as soon as the first stem cells develop. Stem cells are essentially cells that have not yet decided what they want to be when they grow up. And it is this biological indecisiveness that makes them so valuable to medicine. In theory, stem cells can be re-grown to replace a diseased or damaged organ. An organ grown from an individual's own body cells would have the further advantage of not being rejected.

Adult DNA Cloning
Adult DNA cloning, which is sometimes called cell nuclear replacement, produces a duplicate of an existing life form. Dolly, the first cloned sheep, was produced in this way. Since then, DNA cloning has been used to produce cattle, goats, and, most recently, the common house cat. In this technique, DNA from an embryo is removed and replaced with the DNA from another adult animal of the same species. The embryo is then implanted in the womb of yet a third animal, and permitted to develop to full term. If a complete human is ever cloned it will be created using this method, barring the development of more advanced technology.


The topic I will be concerned with is Adult DNA Cloning, creating a exact DNA replica of oneself.

Current News:
Jan 2003
Clonaid, which announced on Dec. 27 at a south Florida hotel that it had produced the world's first cloned baby a day earlier. It has said a second cloned baby was born on Jan. 3 to a Dutch woman. The parents of the first cloned babies had not paid for the service but eventually Clonaid would charge $100,000 to $200,000 for the procedure.

Given that Eve(the first baby claimed to be cloned) was in Israel and had never been in Florida, Judge John Frusciante dismissed the case. Cloned babies from the Raelian Sect - Unconfirmed by DNA tests yet, 3 more babies on the way.
Dr Boisselier says the delay in having the child independently examined is down to a lawsuit launched in Florida last week that calls for Eve to be placed under court protection - if indeed she exists - because she may be at risk and is the subject of a "dangerous medical experiment". Miami-based child advocacy lawyer Bernard Siegel said: "Who does that child have who will speak up for her? She is being used like a guinea pig." But Robert Lanza, who in 2001 became the first scientist to clone human embryos as a source of stem cells for research into potential cures for disease, accused Dr Boisselier of using the lawsuit as an easy excuse. "This woman has a complete lack of credibility. She could have run these tests without revealing the identity of the baby or the parents to anybody. The lawsuit was just a convenient excuse that doesn't stand up," he said. Rael, the leader of the cult who founded Dr Boisselier's Clonaid research company, has abandoned his Florida holiday and fled back to his headquarters in Montreal, Canada, following Mr Siegel's threat to serve him with papers ordering him to produce Eve in court. Another crucial player in the cloning drama was also lying low yesterday. Michael Guillen, a former US television science editor chosen by Dr Boisselier to oversee "independent" DNA tests on the mysterious Eve, is revealed to have been working on the story in league with Dr Boisselier for some months. It emerged that he had been making a documentary on her work and hawking it around the major networks for more than US$100,000.

Cloning News Feed


humancloning.org

Jan 2002
New round in UK human clone battle
Dec 2001
Dec Press Release from ACT

Search Link: +cloning +embryo


People
Dr. Brigitte Boissellier, a former biochemistry professor at Hamilton College in upstate New York
a religious group called the Raelians have announced their own human clone project, based on religious beliefs that humans are actually cloned extraterrestrials. (Jan 03)

Dr. Panayiotis Zavos of the Andrology Institute
Panayiotis Zavos

Severino Antinori
http://www.raprui.org/~raporg/CENTRO/centro.htm Antinori Website

Dr. Ian Wilmut, Ph.D., Creator of Dolly the Sheep,
Editor-in-Chief of the journal Cloning, Roslin Institute; Edinburgh, SCOTLAND;
"Since we know that the animal failure rate is maybe 200:1, [18 percent of cloned mice die; 48 percent of cloned goats die], there can be expected to be a lot of human carnage along the way, if these people continue on their current path."

Michael D. West Ph.D. - ACT

Clone Rights by Randolfe Wicker

Richard Seed, a physicist, publicized his own independent effort to clone a human.

Sir Joseph Rotblat - Nobel Prize-winning scientist



About

Nuclear Transfer Process



History

Thinkquest Article



Companies:
Clonaid - RaŽlians
Dr. Brigitte Boissellier
ClonAid.com

Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. (ACT) - Company doing cloning research.

Genetic Savings and Clone
3312 Longmire Dr, College Station, TX 77845-5812, USA.
Email: info@savingsandclone.com
URL: http://www.savingsandclone.com

HumanCloning.org




Articles:
Scientists Develop Cheap and Easy Cloning Method
Wed Aug 14, 2:07 PM ET

LONDON (Reuters) - Scientists have developed a cheap and easy cloning method to let technicians create cloned embryos with gear that could fit in a trailer and costs only a few thousand dollars, New Scientist magazine reported on Wednesday.

"It's so much simpler than anything we are doing today, it's dramatic," the British science magazine quoted Michael Bishop, ex-president of U.S. cattle-cloning company Infigen as saying. "It's a huge step toward roboticizing the whole process." Cloning advocates say it can be used by farmers to preserve the lines of prized livestock, and by protection groups to save endangered species. But opponents worry that cheaper and easier cloning could hasten the day when humans try to clone themselves. To make a cloned embryo, technicians need an egg cell with no nucleus -- the part that includes genetic material -- so that they can add the genetic material from the animal they intend to clone. Under the old system, technicians needed to guide an expensive microscopic needle into the egg cell to suck out the nucleus, a time-consuming process requiring expensive equipment and training. In the new technique, developed by scientist Gabor Vajta of the Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, they just slice eggs cells in half. The halves that include the nucleus can be discarded. Two separate nucleus-free halves are fused together -- along with the genetic material to be cloned -- to make the equivalent of a whole cloned egg. A healthy looking calf has already been born in Australia using the new technique, and another is expected this week, New Scientist reported. It said a team from the Endangered Wildlife Trust in Johannesburg had already tried out the equipment under field conditions, using a Bunsen burner on a laboratory bench to make a sterile working environment. The most expensive piece of equipment they used was a $3,500 electrofusion machine, which zaps the cells to make them fuse into a single cell. The Johannesburg team used the equipment to clone embryos of endangered darted buffalo, black impala and giant eland with egg cells from cows. "One can set up a lab very cheaply. You can imagine doing this in a trailer," the magazine quoted the Johannesburg team's leader Paul Bartels as saying. "We were very surprised at the health of the embryos. They looked so good."

CNN Special